Previously filmed by V. I. Pudovkin in 1926, the Maxim Gorky novel Mother was again adapted for the screen in 1956 under the title '1905'. The title, of course, refers to the occasion of the first, abortive Russian revolution. The film explores the effects this political upheaval has on a typical family. The central character, family matriarch Vera Maretskaya, must first suffer the death of her husband (N. Kolofidin), then the exile of her son (A. Batalov) when the boy takes up the cudgel of the Russian working class. While Pudovkin's Mother was a classic, '1905' is less so, due to the cumbersome direction of Mark Donskoy.
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